Bird Families

Sparrow parrot: description, reproduction, domestication

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These miniature parrots are called small green sparrows for their similarity in size and body type. But at the same time, the birds are distinguished by a pronounced green color. Despite the miniature size, the birds are not easy to care for, since they need aviaries to live. If the parrots are provided with the necessary living conditions to the maximum, then they will become a wonderful decoration at home and great friends for the breeder.

Features and appearance

Name and classificationView
Sparrow parrot (blue-tailed)
Forpus passerinus
Genus passerine parrot
Forpus
Family Parrots Psittacidae
Order Parrots Psittaciformes
Klas Birds Aves
Bird length0.12 to 0.15 m
WingsFlight feathers reach the tail tip.
Adult weight25-35 g
ColorGreen plumage predominates with the inclusion of blue feathers on the lower back and rump. Below the plumage is more faded than above.
BeakPink, extended on the sides.
EyesDark brown
PawsStrong, short, cream colored.
The tail is a distinctive feature Shortened, rounded, reaches a length of 5 cm.
Features of the viewThey are considered the quietest parrots that never make loud sounds.
Sex differences• Males, unlike females, have blue feathers on the inside of their wings.
• Females have paler color.

Habitat and lifestyle in nature

Sparrow parrots inhabit the territories of such countries:

  • Guyana,
  • Suriname,
  • Colombia,
  • Bolivia,
  • Venezuela,
  • Trinidad,
  • Jamaica,
  • Barbados,
  • Martinique,
  • Antila.

Populations of birds are found in mangroves or among low-growing forests near rivers and the sea coast.

They live in flocks of up to 20 individuals. They spend the whole day looking for food and water. The main diet of birds is greens, fruits, seeds, insects, larvae, millipedes, molluscs.

Bird appearance

Sparrow parrots have a relatively small body size - about 14.5 cm. Their weight is up to 30 grams. For their neatness and diminutiveness, they got their name.

The color of the main plumage of birds is green, but breeders bred birds with other plumage colors, such as: cream, yellow and blue.

The back of the head is gray, and the back gives off a greenish gray. The breast sometimes contains shades of silver. The edges of the wings are framed with blue shades, the sacrum has a similar color. Tail feathers combine a palette of greenish shades, and an iris brown. The sparrow's feet are strong and flesh-colored.

Life in the wild

South America (Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Brazil, Jamaica, Venezuela, Trinidad, Martinique, Peru, Antilles, Paraguay, Barbados) is inhabited by passerine parrots.

Mangroves near water bodies are often the home of most birds. Also, various clearings, forest edges, shrubs, dry and wet undersized thickets can shelter this type of bird. They sometimes live on farms, agricultural fields, or city parks.

One flock of birds consists of 5-20 birds, which is extremely rarely able to migrate to other habitats.

In freedom, the passerine parrot eats various seeds, berries, fruits, fruits of trees, millipedes, cacti, insects, arachnids and small marine life.

The one-year-old bird is already adapted to breeding and leaving offspring. During the mating season, birds build a nest in places such as: termite mound, tree hollow, empty space in a stump, or an already made nest abandoned by other birds. The female personally takes part in the arrangement of the nest and its preparation for the appearance of small chicks.She can bring blades of grass in her beak, and she can twist a litter from the leaves.

The female incubates her eggs for about 3 weeks, while the father of the family is in search of food. The hatched chicks have a small sparse fluff on their bodies. The chick needs 5 weeks to become independent and leave the nest, although for another 2 weeks the parents help him to feed.

Can they live at home

Young birds find it much easier to adapt to domestication. If you take a feathered home to your home, then it is better to take it as a small chick, since an adult is quite difficult to tame.

Now there are many who have such birds at home, the owners speak of them as affectionate, inquisitive and absolutely quiet creatures. Keeping these birds should not be difficult.

Sometimes the passerine parrot can be aggressive and stubborn due to the mating season and can attack not only its fellow, but also a larger bird than himself. It is impossible to drive him off the branch on which he sits. The bird will climb into a fight, and will take revenge on its abuser for unnecessary anxiety. This is the reason why you shouldn't keep two pets side by side.

If you have at least one pet, then you need to devote a lot of time to him, because they love attention, games and communication. Birds, as strange as it may sound, need a society and your society, because without talking they can get seriously ill.

Features of the content

Birds need enough space to fly, because without enough movement they can gain a lot of excess weight, which is very bad for their health, because they are already prone to obesity.

A wooden cage cannot be installed for passerines, as they will immediately chew through it completely. For such birds, you need to purchase a metal cage.

Young individuals that are not in tune with reproduction do not show aggression towards each other. This means that they can be kept in a flock.

In the event that the owner decides to acquire a flock of birds at home, he must also decide on the construction of a spacious aviary. For example, 10 individuals require a minimum of 75x100x150cm.

It is necessary to launch all the birds into the aviary at the same moment, to observe the birds for several days. It may happen that the flock will begin to attack some individual bird, if so, then it must be evicted from the cage and after some time again run into the aviary and observe the reaction of other birds.

These creatures need both wet and dry food, which can be placed below - this will help to avoid unnecessary pollution, and, accordingly, unnecessary cleaning in the cage. The water must be attached at the top so that the water can stay clean for a long time.

In a cage various toys must be present. For example, when choosing, you can give preference to swings, ladders and ropes. They need to be constantly on the move in order to waste a huge amount of energy.

The diet of birds should be full of fresh vegetables, crumbly cereals without sugar and salt, fruits, berries, fresh herbs and herbs, grains, young shoots of trees, nuts (they can be given once a week), vitamin and mineral supplements, mineral stones. Sand for parrots is also very important.

Can you teach to speak

Sparrow parrots are very dexterous and softly capable of repeating certain sounds - such imitations of human voices can resemble trills. A bird is likely to learn 10 to 15 human words. Sometimes they can hum a little something. Her conversation is very interesting and memorable.

Reproduction

During the mating season, the male is very aggressive, so it will not be difficult for him to chase the female.He can seriously injure her or even kill her, therefore, for birds preparing to leave offspring, it is necessary to purchase a spacious and wide cage or house in advance, where the birds need to be relocated even before they start nesting.

If you add more foods containing protein (for example, eggs or cottage cheese) to their diet, then sexual behavior may be activated. In this case, you still have to go for an increase in the duration of daylight hours and irradiation of birds with a special lamp.

The female will incubate a clutch of 3-6 eggs for about 3 weeks... A new chick hatches every two days. Chicks need to be fed from their parents for about 2 weeks and gain strength, and only then can the chicks be resettled from their parents. By this time, it is already possible for the female to incubate new offspring, and the male will attack young birds in order to displace them from their habitat.

At each mating season, it is impossible to incubate new eggs, as this can seriously undermine the healthy life of birds, therefore, in order to help them overcome endless reproduction, it is necessary to create the maximum unfavorable conditions for their spread.

To do this, you can:

  • Reduce daylight hours
  • The air temperature must be lowered
  • The diet should be full of grain mixtures, you need to exclude porridge, eggs, nuts, herbs

What diseases are prone to

Every owner wants his pet to be healthy and feel good. Forin order to prolong life and monitor the prevention of vital activity, the pet owner needs to:

  • Create normal conditions for life
  • Learn how to properly follow the rules of hygiene
  • Learn to monitor quality feed
  • Learn to adhere to a light regime and a properly formulated diet
  • Remember the prevention of various diseases
  • Force the bird to take different vitamins ahead of time
  • Sometimes walking in nature
  • Do not expose too much UV lamps

Obvious visual changes in the bird are enough to draw some initial conclusions about its health. If a parrot is sick, then he may look tired, sad. He may even begin to pluck feathers and make some sounds. Tousled plumage and a tired look indicate that the pet has some kind of problem and you need to contact your veterinarian.

Passerines birds most often get sick:

  • Various poisoning. The main symptoms are refusal to eat, problems with bowel movements, and unquenchable thirst.
  • Cold. The bird begins to sneeze, it develops a runny nose, breathes heavily, looks very lethargic, tired, sad, drooping.
  • Problems with bowel movements (constipation). Outward signs: restlessness and disheveled feathers.
  • Tumors. May occur if the bird is over 3 years old. Tumors form in adipose tissue, can be large and hinder the activity of birds, respectively, reducing the quality of life.
  • The appearance of worms. Appetite deteriorates markedly, the color of the stool changes, the bird becomes less active and very rapid weight loss occurs.
  • Scabies. Symptoms include inflamed skin around the eye or beak, on which various depressions can be observed. The joints tend to swell, the parrot begins to breathe heavily and refuses food.
  • Coccidosis. The simplest organisms negatively affect the organs of the bird, which subsequently loses interest in food, its weight decreases significantly, the plumage becomes disheveled and ugly, dull, and thirst can increase significantly. Vomiting and bloody bowel movements may be noticed. With such symptoms, you need to immediately refer your pet to a high-class specialist who is able to cure the bird and help in this situation.

Wildlife lifestyle

Mostly passerine parrots nest in mangroves close to water bodies, but sometimes they can live in bush or in clearings, agricultural fields. This species mainly refers to hollow nests, but birds occasionally arrange a house in a completely inconvenient place - a termite mound. They actively build nests from June to November.

After the arrangement of the dwelling, the mating season begins. The female lays 5-6 eggs. Incubation lasts 21 days. Chicks leave the shelter only 5-6 weeks after birth, but at the same time the parents continue to feed them.

The birds live in small flocks of 10 to 20 individuals and only occasionally migrate.


How do parrots live in the wild

Feeding for wild birds usually consists of:

  • berries,
  • small fruits,
  • seeds,
  • cacti,
  • insect larvae,
  • spiders,
  • shellfish.

The genus of passerine parrots includes 9 species:

  • passerine parrot (Forpus passerinus),
  • yellow-faced passerine parrot (Forpus xanthops),
  • Mexican passerine parrot (Forpus cyanopygius),
  • Lesson's passerine parrot (Forpus coelestis),
  • spectacled passerine parrot (Forpus conspicillatus),
  • blue-winged passerine parrot (Forpus xanthopterygius),
  • Forpus modestus,
  • Forpus crassirostris,
  • dark-billed passerine parrot (Forpus sclateri) (currently considered a subspecies of Forpus modestus).

Domestication

The parrot described by us is considered a good choice for novice breeders, since it is not difficult for him to find a suitable home due to its modest size. Poultry should be given time regularly and monitored for conditions in the aviary.

Cell

Despite its small size, the parrot needs room for flying, because it tends to quickly gain weight and, with low loads, will become obese. The acceptable size of a pet's dwelling is 40x45x90 cm. It is worth clarifying that it must be metal, since passerines can gnaw a tree.

Bowls for dry and wet food should be placed at the bottom of the enclosure (this way there will be less dirt and debris), and drinkers, on the contrary, should be higher so that the water remains uncontaminated for longer.

The cage must have perches, swings, ladders, ropes, so that the pet has the opportunity to expend energy.

If the purpose of breeding passerines is to produce offspring, then an aviary for 10 individuals should be at least 80x120x160 cm, and the number of toys and feeders should be increased. Birds can attack neighbors, so you need to monitor their behavior and promptly evict aggressive ones.

Food

Experienced breeders recommend that passerine parrots be fed with a grain mixture of cereals: millet, buckwheat, wheat and others. The daily menu should include chopped fruits, vegetables, berries. Due to the tendency of parrots to obesity, nuts are advised to be given once every 5-7 days.

They eat water-based cereals with appetite, without any spices, sunflower or butter, and even more sugar. For taste, pieces of greens and honey are added to them. In addition, it is convenient to mix mineral supplements in them. It is forbidden to give human food containing spices, salt, fat, as well as milk and bread to birds.

Permitted mealy food:

  • millet - 65% of the total amount of food (it is the basis of nutrition for parrots),
  • oats - 30%, you need to give only unhulled oats,
  • wheat - 30-40%, you can treat it 3 times a week in a germinated form, and in order to quickly germinate grains, you should fill them with warm water and leave until morning,
  • peas - no more than 10% and only in boiled form, raw and canned product should not be given to parrots, as this can negatively affect their health.

Acceptable succulent feed:

  • carrots - always relevant, you can feed the bird chopped or grated,
  • cabbage - it must be given to young individuals when they have plumage,
  • cucumbers - improve the absorption of the main feed, but they should not be overused, because they contain a small amount of vitamins,
  • lemon - 3 drops of juice are added to 50 ml of drinking water for the prevention of infectious diseases

Breeding

Before the mating season, the birds need to be prepared. For this purpose, protein products are added to the diet to the usual feed, for example, eggs, cottage cheese, seeds sprouted at home.

In addition to adjusting the diet, it is necessary to artificially increase the duration of daylight hours to 13-14 hours in stages. The cage should always contain chalk, mineral mixtures, and other sources of calcium. The aviary should be covered with sawdust and a sufficient number of small branches should be placed to ennoble the nest.

The female lays 4-6 eggs. The mother incubates them around the clock, and a male individual feeds her during the incubation period. After the eggs appear, greens and soft foods are not recommended to be included in the diet. These wishes must be followed so as not to overload the birds' liver and not worsen their general health. These products are returned with the hatching of the birds.

Chicks

After about 5-6 weeks, juveniles will learn to fly and will be fully ready to leave the nest. For another 14 days, parents will continue to feed their children. After that, it is necessary to relocate young individuals, since the male will become aggressive towards them, wanting to defend his territory.

Description and features

Sparrow parrots are small birds of a noticeable green color with a short tail. This tail is rounded or wedge-shaped - the main difference between the species. Parrots weigh 30 grams, and are similar in size to sparrows: 12-13 cm. Large birds do not exceed 15 cm in length.

The sparrow parrot has a thick, convex beak. He, like the paws, is flesh-colored. The plumage of females is green with yellowish feathers on a small head, smoothly merging into the body. The color of the males is more expressive: they are distinguished by blue and blue primary feathers.

Variety of characters

And one more important point. What more would the passerine parrots require? The maintenance of birds largely depends on their characters. After all, it's not just a particular variety. There will always be individual birds that absolutely do not fit the description of a particular species. And in order to find out their character, temperament and habits, it will take some time.

For example, many experts claim that these parrots are known for their resentment. Nevertheless, some birds will never peck anyone. It is also believed that passerines learn to talk quite easily. But some individuals do not say a single word, but only whistle and copy the surrounding sounds. Not everyone will get along with any parrot. Indeed, to different representatives of the same species, you can feel the location or a complete lack of interest.

But what, in any case, you need to be prepared for, is the occasional noise. These birds are generally quiet. But they are also demanding. They can express their desires loudly enough. Some of them also like to greet sunrises and sunsets with their shouts. If the bird is unhappy, it will also scream for attention.

Home content

The considered species of birds is unpretentious in content. They are good-natured, but very stubborn. They often show aggression towards their relatives, so no more than two individuals should be in the cage.

Forpus coelestis (Lesson's Sparrow Parrot)

Forpus coelestis (Lesson's Sparrow Parrot)

Origin: They live from Ecuador to Peru and in the western part of South America. They inhabit subtropical and tropical forests.

The size: Body length 12-12.5 cm.

Description: The main color of the plumage is green. The crown is gray, the back is green-gray, the rump and the edges of the wings are blue, the tail is green. The beak is light gray, the iris is brown. Females lack blue coloration on the wings and on the sacrum.

Character: Young birds can grow into wonderful pets, although they are not distinguished by their "oratorical" talent.Their sizes are great for apartment conditions, and the screams do not hurt the ear. Due to their aggressive behavior, it is better not to keep them together with other birds, as sometimes they chase even larger companions.

Content: Large cages or even aviaries are required for keeping, since in small cages parrots become lethargic. Sparrow parrots are recommended to be kept in pairs. You can even live with birds of other species that are similar in size, such as finches or weavers and other songbirds, but it is not recommended to keep them with budgies and lovebirds.

Feeding: Feeding these birds is easy, they prefer a seed-based diet with added fruits and greens. Do not forget to give them vitamin and mineral supplements, provide them with coarse river sand to improve digestion and cuttlefish shell as a source of calcium. The latter is especially important for females during oviposition.

Reproduction: The sex of these parrots is easy to determine even in fledglings. Sparrow parrots are long-livers, and individual pairs successfully produce offspring at the age of 18 years. Although it is best to start working with young birds that are not related. In this case, the likelihood of manifestation of aggression by males towards their own offspring decreases, sometimes leading to the death of chicks soon after they leave the nest. Sparrow parrots mature quickly and can produce offspring at the age of one year. Do not persuade them to nest at an earlier age, as this increases the risk of delayed egg-laying. Sparrow parrots usually feed two broods in a row.

These parrots should be propagated in spacious enclosures or in cages with dimensions of at least 80X40X60 cm. Like other parrots. Passerine parrots are hollow nests, therefore a wooden nesting house approximately 15X15X25 cm in size with a 5 cm taphole with a 5 cm taphole is suitable for breeding. Peat or simple sawdust can be used as bedding for the nest.

There are usually 3-6 eggs in a clutch. The incubation period is 19-21 days. Eggs are laid at intervals of 1-2 days, so the chicks also hatch at the same interval, one at a time. The babies stay in the nest for about 5 weeks, after which they begin to leave the nest, but for about two more weeks they are with their parents, who continue to feed them until they become completely independent.

Additional Information: The most numerous and well-breeding species of the genus Forpus.

Appearance, dimensions

The size of this baby is 10-12 cm in length and weighs 31-34 grams. The Latin name is Forpus coelestis. The color of the male is bright green (apple-green) forehead, crown and cheeks, silver-blue nape and stripe from nape to eyes. The lower back, sacrum, lower wing and armpits are cobalt blue. The upper back and wings are greenish-gray. The beak is white and pink. The feet are pink. The eyes are dark brown. The color of the female differs in that where the male has blue-cobalt feathers, she has greenish-turquoise feathers. In addition to the natural color, there are color mutations.

The lifespan of a bird at home in the first place depends on the owner, who must provide quality care for the parrot. The maximum documented life expectancy is 10.4 years (according to the International Zoo Yearbook). However, there are reports that one bird lived to 30.4 years (according to Animal Conservation), but this case is no longer verified. Average life expectancy is 10-15 years.

Life span

The average life span of passerines in nature is about 10-12 years. But domestic feathered pets, with good care, live up to 25 years.

How to choose, cost

The cost of passerine parrots ranges from $ 30 to $ 75. This price makes the birds available to a wide range of people.

It is better to make purchases in professional nurseries or licensed points of sale (pet stores). When buying, you should pay attention to the general appearance of the birds (they should be active, with shine in the eyes and beautifully laid plumage) and the presence of accompanying documents.

The sparrow parrot is a miniature bird with a low voice, which is distinguished by its playfulness and sociability. The feathered one is not particularly demanding in care, therefore it is suitable for home keeping, even for beginners. Anyone who has already acquired such a pet should remember to spend more time with him and not let him get bored. The feathered friend, in turn, will delight with his tricks and can even exchange a few words.

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