Bird Families

Antarctic blue-eyed cormorant - articles for biology without ncbi

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  • The Antarctic blue-eyed cormorant, or the Antarctic blue-eyed cormorant, or the Bransfid cormorant (Latin Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis) is a seabird belonging to the genus of cormorants (Phalacrocorax) of the cormorant family of the pelican order in the Western Antarctic, widespread. The species was first described in 1936 by the American ornithologist Robert Cushman Murphy (1887-1973). The scientific (Latin) name "bransfieldensis" is given to the species by its location - Bransfield Strait near the Antarctic Peninsula.

The taxonomic status of this form has not been finally clarified, and there is no consensus among various authors to which genus or species it should be assigned. Often this cormorant is considered as part of the Phalacrocorax atriceps s. l. King, 1828 or subspecies Phalacrocorax atriceps bransfieldensis Murphy, 1936. Recently, it is also sometimes considered in the genus Leucocarbo, as subspecies Leucocarbo atriceps bransfieldensis or Leucocarbo bransfieldensis species.

Large bird nesting in colonies on the Antarctic Peninsula coastline and in the South Shetland Islands. A sedentary species that, with a continuous ice cover, wanders over long distances in search of areas of water open from ice in search of feeding places. It feeds mainly on fish, as well as crustaceans and cephalopods.

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