Bird Families

Fifi - description, habitat, interesting facts


Features: The carrier differs from Blackie and Fifi by a brown shade of the top and spots on the sides of the crop, small size and a short beak, from Sandpipers - by longer legs and a single-colored brown top, from Morodunka - by a straight beak.

Habits: The carrier often sits on driftwood sticking out of the water, with frequent twitching of its tail. Flies over the water, alternating sweeps and gliding. Swims and dives well. It feeds in shallow waters or splash lines. It usually takes it away from the nest, sometimes flies over a person with a cry. In non-nesting time they keep one by one.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Food: Insects.

Breeding area: Various landscapes from forest-tundra to steppes, but inhabits only the coasts of inland water bodies. On rocky, sandy and even bushy or forest-covered shores and islands of rivers and lakes. On migration occurs on the seashore.
Location of the socket and its description: On land, close to water, usually under cover of grass or tree. Shallow fossa lined with dry stems and various debris
Egg laying time: May June
Eggs color and size: Pinkish fawn with reddish-brown specks, 3.5x2.5 cm.

Found 2 images:

handguard 1. m. Bird of a detachment of waders. 2. m. Genus of perennial herbaceous poisonous plants of the umbrella family.

GUARANTOR (Sium), a genus of plants of the family. umbrella. Perennial herbs with feathery leaves. Umbrellas with wrappers. The petals are white, with the tops curved inward. Fruits are slightly compressed laterally, with ribs. 10-15 species, common in Eurasia, North. Africa and North. America. There are 6 species in the USSR. P. broadleaf (S. latifolium) grows in shallow waters and the shores of water bodies in Europe. parts in the Caucasus, Siberia and Kazakhstan, the whole plant, especially the roots, is poisonous for kr. horn. livestock, fruits and flowers contain essential oil containing up to 80% limonene. P. sugar (S. sisarum) is sometimes bred for the sake of edible tuberous roots, in the 15-16 centuries. it was cultivated throughout Europe.

GUARANTOR (Tringa stagnatilis), a bird of the plover family sub-genus. waders. L. bodies up to 23 cm, weighs 55-85 g. The back is brownish-gray, the tail is with transverse dark stripes, the loin and abdomen are white. Inhabits the forest-steppe and steppes from Hungary to the river. Ob, occasionally found in Transbaikalia and Primorsky Territory. Winters in Vost. Africa, South. Asia and Australia. Breeds in colonies on hummocky herbaceous bogs. In clutch there are 4, less often 3 eggs. It feeds on small aquatic invertebrates.

Warbler (Slum L.) is the generic name of plants from the family. umbrella (Umbelliferae). Up to 4 species of this genus are known, growing in the Northern Hemisphere of the New and Old Worlds, along swamps, river banks, streams, and generally in damp places. These are perennial grasses that develop underground shoots, sometimes very thickened roots and aerial branchy stems, their leaves are feathery, in marsh plants of a double shape, submerged in water - double-feathery, airy - simple-feathery, flowers are small, white, collected in umbrellas, with developed bedspreads and bedspreads. The teeth of the calyx are clearly visible or barely developed, the petals with the apex bent inside the flower, the fruit is a pentahedral achene with threadlike ribs and three strokes under each hollow, the white on the inner side is flat. In European Russia, three species grow wildly, of which the most common S. latifolium L. (broadleaf P., syrup, sugar beet, walrus pipes) growing in swamps, streams, river and lake banks, differs from other species by a clearly visible calyx. In folk medicine, this type is used for hernia. S. Sisarum L. (sugar root) is sometimes bred in vegetable gardens for the aromatic, sweet roots used as a vegetable, originally from Asia. S.R.

Guardsman - Tringa stagnatilis

see also 10.6.6. Ulita's genus - Tringa

Guardsman - Tringa stagnatilis

It is similar to fifi, but more slender and long-legged, the back is dark only between the shoulder blades, below it is white, the goiter is white with thick dark streaks, the beak is very thin, the legs are dark, there is almost no light eyebrow.

It is common on swampy banks of rivers and lakes, in steppes and forest-steppes east to Transbaikalia, nests in Primorye. Nests are located in sedge clumps, on hummocks or on the remains of haystacks. The voice is a loud ti-ti.

Table 25

Table 25.264 - blackie, 265 - fifi, 266 - handguard, 267 - herbalist, 268 - dandy (268a - in summer, 268b - in winter), 269 - great snail, 270 - Okhotsk snail, 272 - carrier, 274 - Morodunka, 275 - Siberian ash snail, 277 - American snipe, 278 - Asiatic snipe, 288 - snipe, 289 - great snipe, 292 - Asiatic snipe, 293 - Great snipe, 294 - harlequin, 295 - woodcock.


All snails are migratory birds, and almost all snipe live in wet areas: not far from water bodies or in swampy places. These features of the family and genus are also characteristic of fifi. The species is widespread in the southern parts of the tundra, where there are many shrubs, in the forest-tundra and in the forest zone.

Most of all, fifi looks like a blackie and a hermit street. It is distinguished from them by its smaller size and slightly different color, in particular, dark stripes on the tail. However, the closest relative of this bird, belonging to the same genus, is the herbalist, also known as the redfoot.

Fifi are pretty small birds. Their body length and wingspan are comparable to the size of larks and thrushes. Fifi's tail is short, and legs protrude noticeably beyond its edge during flight.

Bird watchers drew attention to an interesting feature of the behavior of these birds: sitting on the ground, they constantly shake the back of their bodies, like a wagtail.

Examples of the use of the word fifi in literature.

One of them, abandoned by Madame Fifi, almost ended up in the royal box, which led the Minister of the Interior into indescribable delight.
He complained that he was poorly fed, drank too much, pinched the ladies sitting on either side of him, pocketed a dozen cigars and a silver pepper shaker that he liked, and then, when the guests passed into the living room, he was eager to dance alone to the gramophone, until, finally, the slaves did not forcibly put him in the car and did not take him to Madame Fifi, about whose charms he publicly spread throughout the evening, not missing an opportunity to show off anatomical details, which, fortunately, remained incomprehensible to most of the audience.

The silence was broken only by the slight crackling of silk pierced by Fifi's needle, and this regularly repeated sound, like the ticking of an old cuckoo clock, seemed to indicate that uncle's love affairs had acquired a bourgeois-sedate character.

When Mademoiselle Menu, with her usual good-naturedness, bade farewell to them, they again heard the crackling of silk pierced by Fifi's needle, who, wasting no time, again began to embroider the shroud.

On the face of Bachelard again appeared a serious expression - on the one hand, he was tormented by a vain desire to show Fifi, on the other - the fear that she would be beaten off from him.

Then one of the apprentices, taking pity on his suffering appearance, whispered in his ear the address: Mademoiselle Fifi, rue Saint-Marc, fourth floor.

I didn't know, uncle, - sobbing even more strongly at the sight of such a deplorable sight, babbled Fifi, - really, I didn't think it would upset you so.

However, neither Fifi nor her uncle listened to her, and the old woman turned to Auguste.

But it was not so, now Fifi has made uncle angry, and all because of some stupidity!

Now Bachelard blamed himself for everything - let the adviser not think that Fifi had shamelessly abandoned his uncle, and Duveyrier, wanting to recoup Bachelard for the evening when the old man saw him crying in an empty apartment on Serise Street, so painted his happiness that he himself believed in him and was moved.

Uncle Bachelard, who had gone into poetry, showed himself to Madame Juser in a new, sentimental light and brought her into emotion with frank confessions about Fifi and Gehlen.

But his good looks could hardly rival Fifi's beauty, especially when she was as horny as she is now.

Then he flipped a switch, and they were transported to the recent morning, to the hour of the day that Fifi loved most: breakfast is over, and lunch planning is still far ahead.

Turning around, Fifi almost cried: - Oh, Tracy, what is the power of time!

Fifi was so overwhelmed with excitement that she typed the program for the kitchen computer a little wrong - even though she swore it was a typo in the cookbook - and the dish didn’t turn out right.

Source: library of Maxim Moshkov


Soon after the snow that covers the banks of rivers and lakes melts, the fifi return from their wintering grounds. These birds spend the cold period in warm countries: Africa, Australia, South Asia. Fifi go to winter in September, and in mid-April they return from wanderings.

When they return, they start toting. Males attract females with an intricate flight: they soar up, then fly near the ground, then float almost motionless in the air. Soon after pairing, the fifi begin building the nest. You can find the "houses" of these birds in a variety of natural zones: here and swamps of various origins, and the banks of reservoirs, tundra and forests. The nest, lined with a thick layer of dry leaves and blades of grass, is placed in a hole on the ground, covering it with branches of nearby trees and shrubs or thick grass. Much less often, a male and a female choose old stumps or depressions in tree trunks to place their dwellings. Sometimes they can even settle in the abandoned nests of other birds, such as blackbirds.

Who is Fifi. Description of tringa glareola

This bird has an average size, approximately similar to the starling, slightly smaller than the blackie (which it looks like in appearance, but is not a close relative). The top of the body is always brownish-gray, there are frequent streaks of a whitish or light gray shade. The abdomen is white, with dark streaks on the breast, neck and sides. The underside of the wings has a light shade. The body reaches a length of 19-21 centimeters, weight - 50-95 grams, wingspan - 36-40 centimeters. A distinctive feature of fifi is that females and males have the same color.

Most often, the fifi is compared to the blackie - these two birds are similar in appearance, but they belong to different genera. There are several ways to tell the difference between the two. So, the fifi's back is more variegated and lighter than that of the blackie. At the same time, the color does not differ much from the white uppertail and loin. Fifi also has a light-colored eyebrow that extends from the beak - it is longer than that of the blackie, and even goes over the eyes.

The fifi bird can also be confused with the handguard. The tringa glareola differs from them in shorter legs and a not so long beak. Another difference is that the white color from the lower back does not go to the back.

Fifi bird

Where did the name come from

The name of the bird Fifi came from the sounds that it makes. She is characterized by a call call, which consists of two-syllable "fifi, fi-fi". Current cries are something reminiscent of "teftya-teftya-teftya" or "fita-fita-fitya", the stress is on the last syllable. In case of danger or anxiety, the bird emits sharp loud "tek-tek-tek" sounds. It is because of the call call that the bird got its present name.


Usually the female lays four brownish or greenish eggs covered with various spots. Both parents incubate eggs in turn, but the mother devotes much more time to this process. It lasts a little over three weeks, 22-23 days.

Flocks of fifi are very noisy, but after the birds start hatching, the cheerful chirping and squeak subside. During this time, they become wary and fearful. Waiting for the addition of fifi are afraid of a person, and birds of prey and animals are met with an aggressive attack: they rush at the enemy with shouts, chasing him away and chasing him for a long time. Soon after the appearance of the chicks, the birds again become talkative. They are almost not silent in the daytime, constantly chirping.

The hatched chicks are covered with dense down. On their back, reddish-gray spots are clearly visible, surrounded by a white rim. Soon they change their downy outfit to plumage, which is typical for adult birds. Parents do not care for their offspring for too long. Some females leave the nest even before the chicks are born, and the male has to take care of the children in the first days of their life. Parents teach their little ones to hide from danger: having heard an alarming whistle, the chicks hide in the thick grass and instantly calm down. Young birds begin to fly actively at the age of three weeks, and then they finally leave the nest. Herbaceous plants reach sexual maturity only in the second or third year of life.


  1. In most cases, the birds in question arrive at nesting sites at the end of winter, if it is warm, or at the beginning of spring. As soon as individuals migrate, pairs begin to form in these places. After mating games and mating, the birds begin to equip their nest.
  2. They find a suitable spot in bushes, tall grass and small trees. Next, the couple is engaged in the construction of the nest. In one clutch, the female is able to bring up to 5 eggs. The hatching process takes about 3 weeks. After that, the young are hatching into the light.
  3. Often the female does not sit up to the end, in this case the male takes her place. After the birth of young animals, he also continues to raise them. After another 1 month, the chicks gradually begin to take the wing. They gain independence. Birds reach sexual maturity at the age of 2-3 years.

2. Fifi - Tringa glareola L.

IN. From a starling. OP. Similar to the blackie, but somewhat smaller. The upper side of the body is more gray with whitish spots, the legs are light, yellowish. The young have reddish spots on their backs. Sits on bushes and trees. G. Two-syllable "fi-fi", "fi-fi". From. It differs from the blackie with a light and more spotted back and a not so bright uppertail, from the carrier - a spotted back, a light uppertail, mottles on the neck and chest. B. Various landscapes from tundra to steppes. HP. Migrant. Mr. Nest in the form of a hole lined with willow and dwarf birch leaves, less often in the nests of thrushes. The clutch contains 4 greenish eggs with reddish-brown spots.


4. Carrier. - Tringa hypoleucos L.
IN. From a starling. OP. The upper body is brown with a slight bronze sheen and thin transverse streaks, the underside is white with a brown bloom on the sides of the goiter and narrow dark streaks on the neck and chest. The bill and gray legs are relatively short. G. In the mating flight - "hi-dididi", at the meeting - the ringing trill "ti-ti-tn", the call call - "pui-pui". From. It differs from Blackie and Fifi by a brown shade and a short beak, from Sandpipers - by longer legs and a one-color brown top, from Morodunka - by a straight beak. B. River banks. HP. Migrant. Mr. A nest on the ground. The clutch contains 4 brownish eggs with brown spots.

  • Tie. Sea plover. Small plover. Mongolian plover. Caspian plover. Thick-billed plover. Eastern plover. Ussuriisky plover, tab. XL
  • Blackie. Fifi. Guardsman. Carrier, tab. XLI
  • Morodunka. Garshnen. Sea sandpiper. Kulnk-spatula, tab. XLII
  • Dunlin. Red-breasted dunl. Icelandic sandpiper. Round-nosed phalarope. Phalarope, tab. XLIII
  • Rockstones. Dutysh. Sharp-tailed sandpiper. Big sandpiper, tab. XLIV
  • Verdov Sandpiper. White-tailed sandpiper. Red-breasted sandpiper. The web-toed sandpiper. Long-toed sandpiper, tab. XLV
  • Gerbil. Zheltozobik. Sparrow sandpiper. Gryazovik, tab. XLVI
  • Steppe tirkushka. Meadow teirkushka. Northern storm petrel. Gray-headed storm petrel. Great snipe. Snipe. Asiatic snipe, tab. XLVII
  • Golden bee-eater. Green bee-eater. Thick-billed warbler. Thrush warbler. Nightjar. Bucky nightjar, tab. XLVIII
  • Two-spotted lark. White-winged lark. Steppe lark. Black lark. Mongolian lark. Common dipper. Brown dipper, tab. XLIX
  • Gray shrike. Wedge-tailed shrike. Long-tailed shrike. Black-fronted shrike. Red-headed shrike.Japanese shrike. Punochka, tab. L
  • Zhulan. Central Asian shrift. Maina. Pink starling, tab. LI
  • How to use the qualifier


3. Guardsman - Tringa stagnatilis Bechst.

IN. Larger than a starling. OP. The upper body is brownish-gray with dark streaks on the crop and breast, the upper tail and axillary feathers are white. Legs are greenish. Slim and leggy. It feeds in shallow water. G. In the marriage flight "ti-ti". From. It differs from fifi and blackie in longer legs and a light color, from other ulits - in small size and a thin beak. B. Swamps near lakes and rivers of the steppe and forest-steppe zones. HP. Migrant. Mr. Nest on bumps or remains of haystacks, lining of dry grass. The clutch contains 4 cream or yellowish eggs with reddish-brown spots.

Fifi (Tringa glareola)

Appearance: It looks like a blackie, but smaller, the top is noticeably grayer with whitish spots, the legs are light, yellowish (in flight, the legs protrude beyond the end of the tail, which the blackie does not have). In winter it is grayer, the spots on the back are smaller. The young have reddish spots on their backs.
The size: Body length = 21-23cm, weight = 55-65g. From a starling.

Features: Fifi differs from Blackie in a light and more spotted coloration of the back and a not so bright upper tail, light legs and underside of the wing, small size, from the carrier - a spotted back, mottles on the neck and chest, light coloration.

Habits: Fifi often sits on bushes and trees. At the nest, it is very worried, flying around and screaming, in non-nesting time it is relatively gullible.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Food: It feeds mainly on insects.
Breeding area: Various landscapes from tundra to steppes. In the swampy tundra, through moss bogs, along forest rivers and lakes, through grassy meadows. On migration it keeps in open swampy places.
Location of the socket and its description: A hole in moss or grass, lining of sedge stalks or leaves of willow and dwarf birch, nests of thrushes are less commonly used.
Egg laying time: May June
Eggs color and size: Greenish with reddish-brown spots, 3.5x2.5 cm.

Blackie (Tringa ochropus)

Appearance: The top is black-brown, the chest and neck are gray with streaks, the abdomen and upper tail are white, the underside of the wing is dark. Legs are dark, greenish. In winter, all tones are grayer.
The size: Body length = 24-26cm, weight = 70-75g. Larger than a starling.

Features: Blackie differs from all the ulits in a contrasting bright white upper tail with an almost black back, in addition, it is larger than the fifi and the carrier.

Habits: Blackie is rather cautious, but at the nest or brood it is bold and loud. Often sits on tree branches.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Food: Terrestrial and aquatic insects, but feeds exclusively near water.
Breeding area: Forest landscapes. Along the banks of forest rivers and streams, along forest swamps and lakes. On migration occurs everywhere.
Location of the socket and its description: It often uses old nests of blackbirds, crows, jays, often at high altitudes (up to 10 m). Sometimes the nest is located on the ground.
Egg laying time: May June
Eggs color and size: Fawn with small red-brown spots, 4x3 cm.

Morodunka (Tringa cinereus)

Appearance: On relatively low legs. The beak is long, noticeably curved upward. The top is brownish or smoky gray with dark streaks, the bottom is white with narrow streaks on the chest and neck. In winter it is grayer, almost without streaks. Legs are yellow.
The size: Body length = 23-25cm, weight = 50-70g. From a starling.

Features: The Morodunka is distinguished from all small waders by its long, upward curved beak.

Habits: Morodunka is a mobile sandpiper. When a man approaches, the female leaves the nest and runs nearby, screaming loudly and twitching her tail, less often she takes it away. It feeds in shallow water, on muddy or sandy shores at the very edge of the water, and the beak sinks into the water almost horizontally. Breeds in separate pairs or in small colonies.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Food: Insects, crustaceans, molluscs.
Breeding area: Various landscapes from tundra to forest-steppe, inhabits the coast of fresh water bodies. On deaf forest rivers and lakes, on large rivers - along open sandy shores and on islands. On migration it also occurs along sea muddy shores.
Location of the socket and its description: In a dry place close to water, covered by bushes or grass, sometimes open. Lining of blades of grass, pieces of bark, needles.
Egg laying time: May June
Eggs color and size: Pale gray with blackish-brown specks, 4x2.5 cm.

Goldfinch (Tringa erythropus)

Appearance: Somewhat smaller than a large snail. The color is slate-black with white specks on the back, the underside of the wing is white, the upper tail is white. High legs and a long, straight beak (upper beak) are red. In winter, gray with white upper tail and (sometimes) belly.
The size: Body length = 32-34cm, weight = 120-160g. Less dove.

Features: Goldfinch differs well from all snails in black color, in winter - in red beak.

Habits: The goldfinch is very careful, especially on the fly. In case of danger, it leaves the nest in advance and does not return for a long time; with the chicks, however, it loses all caution, flies with a cry, sits on the water or bushes. It usually feeds on the banks or in shallow water, entering it up to its abdomen.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Food: Insects, crustaceans, molluscs.
Breeding area: Tundra and forest-tundra. In grassy or sphagnum bogs, less often in drier places. When migrating and migrating, it prefers swamps and shores of various water bodies.
Location of the socket and its description: On a hummock or directly on the ground, on a dry rise, often protected by a stone or a fallen tree. Lining of willow or dwarf birch leaves.
Egg laying time: May June
Eggs color and size: Greenish with large dark brown strokes, 4.5x3 cm.

Siberian ash snail (Tringa brevipes)

Appearance: Quite large, long-legged snail. The beak is straight. The entire top is ash-gray, the bottom is white, on the chest and sides there is a wavy transverse pattern (absent in winter).
The size: Weight = 80-120g. Less dove.

Features: It differs from the American ashy ulita in its white belly, and from other ulits in its ash-gray coloration of the top and a transverse pattern on the chest.

Habits: It incubates very densely; near the brood, when a person approaches, it is very worried.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Food: It feeds mainly on insects, getting food in shallow water and in the sand.
Breeding area: Mountains at the upper border of the forest. On the banks and islands of fast rivers with rocky bottom. On the fly - sea coasts.
Location of the socket and its description: On the ground among stones or using old blackbird nests.
Egg laying time: June July
Eggs color and size: Blue with black specks.

American ash snail (Tringa incana)

Appearance: It is very similar to the Siberian ashy snail, but somewhat larger, and the entire bottom, including the abdomen and undertail, is speckled with frequent transverse brown stripes.
The size: From a dove.

Features: It differs from the Siberian ashy ulita in its speckled abdomen and undertail, and from other ulits in its gray color.

Nature of stay: Migrant.

Food: Insects, to a lesser extent, small crustaceans and molluscs, marine worms.
Breeding area: Shingle shallows of mountain streams.

Okhotsk snail (Tringa guttifer)

Appearance: Very similar to the great snail, but somewhat smaller, the beak is longer and more curved upward, the underwing coverts and axillaries are pure white.
The size: Less dove.

Features: It differs from the large snail in pure white feathers from the underside of the wing (noticeable only in a caught bird).

Habits: Very careful.
Nature of stay: Migrant.